Final Consonant Sounds

In the Thai language, each consonant can have two sounds depending on if it is starting a syllable or ending a syllable.  For example, ผัก (pàk) and ไก่ (gài).  In the first word, ก makes a ‘k’ sound.  In the second word, ก makes a ‘g’ sound.  This makes learning the alphabet twice as hard 😧  But not really, because many consonants have the same starting and ending sound.  By assuming the ending consonant sound is the same as the initial consonant sound with these exceptions, it is much easier:

  1. Initial sounds ‘b’ and ‘bp’, and ‘f’ make final sound ‘p’
  2. Initial sounds ‘ch’, ‘d’, ‘dt’, ‘j’, and ‘s’ make final sound ‘t’
  3. Initial sound ‘g’ makes final sound ‘k’
  4. Initial sounds ‘l’ and ‘r’ make final sound ‘n’
  5. ญ (yaw yǐng) makes final sound ‘n’

The above covers 4 out of the 8 possible consonant ending sounds.  The other four sounds are: ‘ng’, ‘m’, ‘y’, and ‘w’

Here are some references:

  1. Thai Alphabet
  2. Consonant Endings

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