Monthly Archives: May 2015

WH Question Words (Thai: คำถาม)

Vocabulary (Thai:คำศัพท์)

  1. Time (Thai:เวลา)
  2. Birthday (Thai:วันเกิด)
  3. Hospital (Thai:โรงพยาบาล)
  4. Boss (Thai:เจ้านาย)
  5. Car (Thai:รถยนต์)
  6. Shirt (Thai:เสื้อเชิ้ต)
  7. Girl (Thai:เด็กผู้หญิง)
  8. Book (Thai:หนังสือ)
  9. Market (Thai:ตลาด)
  10. Money (Thai:เงิน)
  11. Bedroom (Thai:ห้องนอน)
  12. Furniture (Thai:เฟอร์นิเจอร์)
  13. Bed (Thai:เตียง)
  14. Dresser (Thai:โต๊ะเครื่องแปัง)
  15. Lamp (Thai:โคมไฟ)
  16. Kitchen (Thai:ห้องครัว)
  17. Silverware (Thai:เครื่องเงิน)
  18. Plate / Dishes (Thai:จาน)
  19. Cupboard (Thai:ตู้)
  20. Sink (Thai:อ่าง)
  21. Counter (Thai:เคาน์เตอร์)
  22. Stove (Thai:เตา)
  23. Oven (Thai:ตู้อบ)
  24. Livingroom (Thai:ห้องนั่งเล่น)
  25. Sofa (Thai:โซฟา)
  26. Chair (Thai:เก้าอี้)
  27. Rug (Thai:พรม)
  28. Television (Thai:โทรทัศน์)
  29. Diningroom (Thai:ห้องรับประทาน)
  30. Table (Thai:โต๊ะ)

What (Thai:อะไร)

  1. What is your father’s name? (Thai:พ่อของคุณชื่ออะไร)
  2. What do you do? (Thai:คุณทำงานอะไร)
  3. What time is it? (Thai:ตอนนี้เวลาเท่าไร)
  4. What are you doing? (Thai:คุณกำลังทำอะไรอยู่)
  5. What is that? (Thai:นั่นคืออะไร)

When (Thai:เมื่อไหร่)

  1. When is your birthday? (Thai:วันเกิดคุณเมื่อไหร่)
  2. When did you do your homework? (Thai:คุณทำการบ้านของคุณเมื่อไหร่)

Where (Thai:ที่ไหน)

  1. Where is your house? (Thai:บ้านของคุณอยู่ที่ไหน)
  2. Where are you studying? (Thai:คุณเรียนที่ไหน)
  3. Where are they going? (Thai:พวกเขากำลังจะไปที่ไหนกัน)

Why (Thai:ทำไม)

  1. Why did you go to the hospital last night? (Thai:ทำไมคุณถึงไปโรงพยาบาลเมื่อคืนนี้)
  2. Why do you want to learn English? (Thai:คุณอยากเรียนภาษาอังกฤษทำไม)

Who (Thai:ใคร)

  1. Who is your favorite superhero? (Thai:ใครคือซูเปอร์ฮีโรคนโปรดของคุณ)
  2. Who opened the door? (Thai:ใครเปิดประตู)
  3. Who is crying? (Thai:ใครกำลังร้องไห้อยู่)
  4. Who is that girl? (Thai:เด็กผู้หญิงคนนั้นคือใคร)
  5. Who is the boss? (Thai:เจ้านายคือใคร)

How (Thai:อย่างไร)

  1. How are you? (Thai:คุณสบายดีไหม)
  2. How are your parents? (Thai:พ่อแม่ของคุณเป็นอย่างไรบ้าง)
  3. How do you spell your name? (Thai:ชื่อของคุณสะกดอย่างไร)
  4. How far is it from here to your office? (Thai:จากที่นี้ไปออฟฟิศคุณไกลแค่ไหน)
  5. How high is mount fuji? (Thai:ภูเขาไฟฟูจิสูงเท่าไหร่)
  6. How tall is your brother? (Thai:พี่ชายของคุณสูงเท่าไหร่)
  7. How long have you been there? (Thai:คุณอยู่ที่นี้มานานแค่ไหนแล้ว)
  8. How long is this ruler? (Thai:ไม้บรรทัดนี้ยาวเท่าไหร่)
  9. How much is this shirt? (Thai:เสื้อเชิ้ตตัวนี้ราคาเท่าไหร่)
  10. How often do you go to the market? (Thai:คุณไปตลาดบ่อยแค่ไหน)
  11. How old are you? (Thai:คุณอายุเท่าไหร่)
  12. How fast does your car go? (Thai:รถยนต์ของคุณไปความเร็วเท่าไหร่)
  13. How would you like to pay? (Thai:คุณจะชำระเงินอย่างไร)
  14. How was the movie? (Thai:หนังเรื่องนี้เป็นอย่างไรบ้าง)

Which (Thai: อันไหน)

  1. Which book do you want to read? (Thai: คุณอยากอ่านหนังสือเล่มไหน)
  2. Which shirt do you want to wear? (Thai:คุณอยากใส่เสื้อเชิ้ตตัวไหน)

Whose (Thai: ของใคร)

  1. Whose house are you going to? (Thai: คุณไปบ้านของใคร)
  2. Whose car is that? (Thai:นั้นรถยนต์ของใคร)
  3. Whose book is this? (Thai:นี้หนังสือของใคร)

Phrases for introductions

Vocabulary

  1. Read (Thai: อ่าน)
  2. Write (Thai: เขียน)
  3. Listen (Thai: ฟัง)
  4. Speak (Thai: พูด)
  5. Spell (Thai: สะกด)
  6. Name (Thai: ชื่อ)
  7. Job (Thai: งาน)
  8. Work (Thai:งาน)
  9. Country (Thai: ประเทศ)
  10. Family (Thai: ครอบครัว)
  11. Mother (Thai: แม่)
  12. Father (Thai: พ่อ)
  13. Hobby (Thai: งานอดิเรก)
  14. Sport (Thai: กีฬา / กานเล่น)
  15. Favorite (Thai: ท่ีชอบ / ขอบที่สุด)
  16. Food (Thai: อาหาร)
  17. Movie (Thai: ภาพยนตร์ / หนัง)
  18. Color (Thai: สี)
  19. Age (Thai: อายุ)
  20. Homework (Thai: การบ้าน)


Questions & Answers

What is your name? (Thai:คุณชื่ออะไร)
My name is _____. (Thai:ผมชื่อ_____)

What is your last name? (Thai:คุณนามสกุลอะไร)
My last name is _____. (Thai:ผมนามสกุล_____)

Do you have a job?  What do you do for work? (Thai:คุณทำงานอะไร /คุณทำอาชีพอะไร)
Yes.  I am a _____ (Thai:ใช่  ผมทำงาน_____)

What country do you come from? (Thai:คุณมาจากประเทศอะไร)
I come from _____. (Thai:ผมมาจากประเทศ_____)

How many brothers do you have? (Thai:คุณมีพี่ชายน้องชายกี่คน)
I have _____ brothers. (Thai:ผมมี_____พี่ชายน้องชาย)

How many sisters do you have? (Thai:คุณมีพี่สาวน้องสาวกี่คน)
I have _____ sisters. (Thai:ผมมี_____พี่สาวน้องสาว)

What does your father do? (Thai:พ่อของคุณทำงานอะไร)
My father is a _____. (Thai:พ่อของผมเป็น_____)

What does your mother do? (Thai:แม่ของคุณทำงานอะไร)
My mother is a _____. (Thai:แม่ของผมเป็น_____)

Do you have any hobbies? (Thai:คุณมีงานอดิเรกไหม)
Yes, I like _____. (Thai:มีสิผมชอบ_____)

What do you like to do in your free time? (Thai:คุณชอบทำอะไรในยามว่าง)
I like to _____. (Thai:ผมชอบ_____)

What is your favorite sport? (Thai:กีฬาโปรดของคุณคืออะไร)
My favorite sport is _____. (Thai:กีฬาโปรดของผมคือ_____)

What is your favorite food? (Thai:อาหานโปรดของคุณคืออะไร)
My favorite food is _____. (Thai:อาหานโปรดของผมคือ_____)

What kind of movies do you like? (Thai:คุณชอบดูหนังแนวไหน)
I like _____ movies. (Thai:ผมชอบหนัง_____)

What is your favorite color? (Thai:สีโปรดของคุณคืออะไร)
My favorite color is _____. (Thai::สีโปรดของผมคือ_____)

How old are you? (Thai:คุณอายุเท่าไหร่)
I am _____ years old. (Thai:ผมอายุ_____ปี)


Phrases

Hello. (Thai:สวัสดี)
Nice to meet you. (Thai:ยินดีที่ได้รู้จักครับ)
How are you doing? / How is it going? (Thai:สบายดีไหม)
Goodbye. (Thai:ลาก่อน)
See you later. (Thai:ไว้พบกันนะ)
Have a nice day. (Thai:ลาก่อน ขอให้เป็นวันที่ดี / ใช้ตอนกลางวัน)

Interrogative adjectives

The cool thing about learning a new language is that I also get to re-learn grammar for my native language.  If somebody asked me what an “interrogative adjective” was a day ago I would not have had any idea.  But now I do!  Interrogative adjectives are words like “what”, “which”, and “whose”.  We learned about those three words in class today.

  • What (Thai: อะไร, à-rai)
  • Which (Thai: อันไหน, an-nǎi)
  • Whose (Thai: ของใคร, kǎwng-krai)

Here are some sample sentences using these words:

  • What do you want to do? (Thai: คุณอยากทำอะไร, kun yàak tam à-rai).
  • Which book do you want to read? (Thai: คุณอยากอ่านหนังสือเล่มไหน, kun yàak àan nǎng-sěu lêm-nǎi).  Note that in this sentence the word for “which” is เล่มไหน (lêm-nǎi) because เล่ม (lêm) is the classifier for the word “book”.
  • Whose house are you going to? (Thai: คุณไปบ้านของใคร, kun bpai bâan kǎwng-krai).

Chong Phli – Day 62

I started climbing about three and a half years ago.  At the time I was out of shape and overweight because I preferred activities like watching movies and dining out to anything physical.  I had the physique of a software engineer and rarely tasked by body with doing anything more difficult than walk a flight of stairs or push keys on a keyboard.  This meant that my muscles and tendons often get confused by what I am asking them to do for me and I have almost continuously had some sort of injury since I started climbing.  Pain in various fingers has been a big one.  Shoulders, elbows, knees, and feet have also been locations of some injury or another.  The injuries have been pretty minor.  Whenever I feel something hurting I back off for a while until it feels better then start climbing again only to have some other part of my body decide it doesn’t want do what I ask of it.

Lately my left elbow has been rather unhappy with me.  I’ve been experimenting with tape and braces to support it in addition to doing some forearm exercises which should help even out muscle imbalances and I thought I was well on my way to healing this issue once and for all.  Yesterday Anong and I went climbing at Chong Phli again.  We warmed up on EFZ 6a+ like usual then I wanted to climb Momentum 6b again and do some laps on it to work on endurance.  After 2x on EFZ and 3x on Momentum the sun was starting to hit the wall and it was time to go but I felt like I got a pretty good workout.  Later in the evening I could tell I pushed myself too hard though since I started to feel a dull ache inside my elbow.  This sucks because now I need to take at least a week, maybe two weeks off to let it heal and get stronger.

Momentum 6b starting holds.

Momentum 6b starting holds.

Here’s a picture of the start of the route.  It has a couple bouldery powerful sequences that leads to easier more relaxed climbing in the middle.  Then the difficulty ramps up again the closer you get to the anchor.

Compound Words

A compound word is made by combining two or more words to make a new one.  There are many compound words in the English language.  My post a few days ago on water is an example of the many compound words in Thai.  When learning a new word in Thai, I often like to look up the individual component words as well because it helps me learn more vocabulary and gain a better understanding of the compound word.  Here’s a list of the component words for various liquids.

  1. salt: glua (Thai: เกลือ)
  2. lust: gaam (Thai: กาม)
  3. good: dii (Thai:ดี)
  4. fall: dtòk (Thai:ตก)
  5. overflow: tûam (Thai:ท่วม)
  6. oil: man (Thai:มัน)
  7. raw/unripe: dìp (Thai:ดิบ)
  8. bee: pûng (Thai:ผึ้ง)
  9. fish: bpla (Thai:ปลา)
  10. numb: chaa (Thai:ชา)
  11. join (solder / cement): chûam (Thai:เชื่อม)
  12. eye: dtaa (Thai:ตา)
  13. rain: fon (Thai:ฝน)
  14. coconut milk: gà-tí (Thai:กะทิ)
  15. distill: glàn (Thai:กลั่น)
  16. acid: gròt  (Thai:กรด)
  17. fragrant: hăwm (Thai:หอม)
  18. dip: jîm (Thai:จิ้ม)
  19. stay overnight, v.  stuck, adj. : káang  (Thai:ค้าง)
  20. salty: kem  (Thai:เค็ม)
  21. olive: má-gàwk (Thai:มะกอก)
  22. pattern: laai (Thai:ลาย)
  23. lemon: má-naao (Thai:มะนาว)
  24. earth: din (Thai:ดิน)
  25. kerosene: gáat (Thai:ก๊าส)
  26. engine / machine: krûang (Thai:ครื่อง)
  27. pork: mǔu (Thai:หมู)
  28. plant: pûut (Thai:พืช)
  29. pine: sŏn (Thai:สน)
  30. drunk: mao (Thai:เมา)
  31. coconut: má-práao (Thai:มะพร้าว)
  32. prayer: mon (Thai:มนต์)
  33. mucus: mûuk (Thai:มูก)
  34. milk/breast: nom (Thai:นม)
  35. fruit: pŏn-la-máai (Thai:ผลไม้)
  36. chili: prík (Thai:พริก)
  37. erupt: pú (Thai:พุ)
  38. orange: sôm (Thai:ส้ม)
  39. vinegar: sôm (Thai:ส้ม)
  40. sea: tá-lee (Thai:ทะเล)
  41. tasteless: jùut (Thai:จืด)
  42. sweet: wǎan (Thai:วาน)
  43. hard: khěng (Thai:แข็ง)
  44. silver: ngǝn (Thai:เงิน)
  45. heart: jai (Thai:ใจ)
  46. sugar palm: dtaan (Thai:ตาล)
  47. siang: sǐang (Thai:เสียง)
  48. heavy: nak (Thai:หนัก)
  49. hand: meu (Thai:มือ)

Bat Cave – Day 2

Today I woke up with a hangover.  I drink a lot less alcohol than I used to and no longer drink alcohol every day.  But last night I felt like imbibing a little bit and had two 500ml cans of Chang Export.  I think this is basically Thai malt liquor even though the can says it’s only 5% alcohol.  I suspect it is higher.  Maybe I should start drinking every day again so I don’t get a hangover after only two cans of beer.

So the day started off low energy but I was pretty stoked to climb at the Bat Cave wall again with Martin and Dorothy.  There are four fun climbs there right in my grade range.  We met at Arawan Resort to rent kayaks then paddled over to the wall.  I had grand thoughts of sending the two 6a’s and leading one of the 6b’s today but those plans were quickly abandoned after the first climb.  I did successfully redpoint Mini Kingdom 6a which I was happy about.  I struggled to figure out the beta at the crux for a minute but the rest of the climb was easy and straightforward.  When I got down my energy level was pretty low so my new plan was to just do some laps on top rope of the other climbs.

So the next climb I did was Tai don’t die 6b.  I found the start to be a little awkward with dirty rock but up higher the rock is nice.  There is one cruxy section in the middle then easier climbing at the top with an exposed move at the end to get to the anchor.  Next I climbed Don’t kill Killer 6b+.  This has a fun start and consistent 6a to 6a+ climbing to the middle of the route where the crux is.  It took me a long time to get past this but a few powerful moves leads to easier climbing at the top then the same finish as Tai Don’t die 6b.  I climbed Don’t kill Killer 6b+ a second time and made it through the crux much quicker.

In total, I think I only did 5 or 6 pitches.  I wanted to do more but I think the changover and overhanging climbs might have been a reason for my low performance today.  I was pretty wiped out after climbing and enjoyed a swim and nice lunch at Arawan.

IMG_7013

Gaeng ga-rii gai (Thai: แกงกะหรี่ไก่)

After lunch, Anong and I headed back to our room.  I thought I was going to miss yoga but got back just in time to gather my things and head off to class.  I should have just stayed home since I was still very tired from climbing and full from the late lunch / early dinner.  Happily I made it through class without embarrassing myself.

Chong Phli – Day 61

Warm up on EFZ 6a+.  Anong led it first then I led it and cleaned.  It’s really nice when someone else can hang the quickdraws for you.  It started to rain just as I was getting on the climb.  Luckily not very hard and was thinking maybe we would only get in one climb today.  When I got back down to the ground the rain was tapering off and the rock was staying dry so we decided to stay and do another.  We moved one route to the left and I started up McLovin 6b.  I was a little apprehensive about redpointing it even though I have done it a few times before.  It’s been a little while and I had to relearn some of the beta.  Then there were some flies and a spider hanging around on a hand hold mid way up that I like to take a short rest on.  Not wanting to deal with the local wildlife I skipped the rest and climbed through it.  The rest of the climb was fairly uneventful and I made it to the top but I was pretty tired and sweating a lot.

My elbow has been hurting a little bit.  This is not good for kicking Mike’s ass in a pullup competition when I get home.  An online search for taping / support led to a product called KT Tape.  It’s basically stretchy athletic tape that is extra sticky.  I tried the application recommended by KT Tape but it honestly didn’t feel like it provided much if any support.  So a little experimentation led to this.  It’s half of what KT Tape recommends plus wrapping a couple strips around the forearm like a counterforce brace.  It actually feels like it adds some support and my elbow feels pretty good today after climbing.  But I think I could achieve the same result with regular athletic tape for about 1/10th the cost.

IMG_6983

Obscenely expensive KT Tape for my elbow.